Provider Newsletter May 2018

Practice Tactics

Welcome to a new section of Umpqua Health Alliance’s provider newsletter. In this section, we’ll detail any changes that may affect practice management or operations. This month, we’ll take a look at changes to the Prior Authorization Grid for services starting July 1, 2018.

PA Grid Changes

Our quest for better performance and optimal stewardship of the funds provided by the state of Oregon for care of Medicaid members in Douglas County has led us to adopt changes to our PA process and claims adjudication to better comply with the mandates of the Prioritized List.

PA required for Dermatology

We have examined past claims for dermatology services and have determined that the Oregon Health Plan does not cover a significant number of these services provided. This led to the decision to (re)establish a requirement for prior authorization for dermatology services.

  1. Members (patients) seeking dermatology services must have an initial PA submitted by their PCP for a consult (one visit).
  2. Subsequent dermatology services for same condition requires a PA submitted by the consulting dermatologist.
  3. All services performed are subject to the Prioritized List (PL) for coverage; initial consults do not require a funded diagnosis for coverage, as long as it is considered undiagnosed at that stage (i.e. refer to dermatologist for R21 Rash and other nonspecific skin eruption, although not a diagnosis and not on funded line on the PK, is acceptable for consultation).

PA required for Procedures performed in the Office/Outpatient Setting (CPT 10000-69999)

We will be requiring PA for procedures performed in the Office/Outpatient setting, with a number of exclusions for common procedures so that practice workflow is not affected. This allows for a full application of the Prioritized List to these services. Of note, many of these procedures are frequently performed in the hospital or ambulatory surgery center, so are subject to PA requirement already.

The above changes to the PA grid are effective for dates of service on and after July 1, 2018. The revised PA grid is on the UHA website here. It includes appendices that lists CPT codes excluded from the PA requirement.

Provider Services Forum Event

Umpqua Health Alliance is excited to offer a forum event for all specialists and PCPs.

Umpqua Health Alliance Provider Services Forum
When:

May 22, 12-1:15p.m.

Where: Umpqua Valley Arts Center

Topics: Changes to the PA Grid effective July 1, and insight on the HERC Prioritized List

All PCPs and Specialists are welcome to attend. Members of UHA’s Clinical Engagement team will be at the event to answer any questions you may have. The discussion will center around changes to the PA Grid that will go into effect July 1 of this year, as well as insight on the HERC Prioritized List. If you haven’t met some of the newest team members, this would be a great opportunity to connect with them. Lunch will be served, please contact Lorianne Heard for more information and to RSVP.

Upcoming Provider Training Opportunities

Umpqua Health Alliance is proud to offer training opportunities to providers surrounding UHA Metrics. Two events are scheduled for June:

Effective Contraceptive Use Technical Assistance
When: Four two-hour training times are scheduled throughout the day on June 8

Where: 1871 NE Stephens Street
Roseburg, OR 97470

Who: PCP & OB-Gyn providers, front office and back office staff

Topic: The OHA Transformation Center is providing an expert in “one key question” and other techniques that can be used to increase success with this CCO Measure

Credit is available!
Click Here to Register

UHA has partnered with Douglas Public Health Network to sponsor an additional training:

Childhood Immunizations Technical Assistance
When: Two four-hour training times are scheduled on June 22

Where:

Who: Pediatric providers, front office and back office staff

Topic: The OHA Transformation Center is providing an expert who can help identify causes of lower childhood immunization rates and offer techniques that can be used to increase success with the CCO Measure. A Vaccines for Children (VFC) Health Educator will also discuss the Oregon Immunization Program, including the ALERT system.

Click Here to Register

UHA staff is planning additional training opportunities in 2018. If you have any questions about these or future technical assistance opportunities, please contact Betty Wagner.

Medical Management

Choosing Wisely: Pre-operative Cardiac Stress Testing

This month’s topic has made the list of unnecessary procedures by seven leading medical societies:

  • American College of CardiologyDon’t perform stress cardiac imaging or advanced non-invasive imaging as a pre-operative assessment in patients scheduled to undergo low-risk non-cardiac surgery.
  • American Society of AnesthesiologistsDon’t obtain baseline diagnostic cardiac testing (trans-thoracic/ esophageal echocardiography – TTE/TEE) or cardiac stress testing in asymptomatic stable patients with known cardiac disease (e.g., CAD, valvular disease) undergoing low or moderate risk non-cardiac surgery.
  • American Society for Nuclear CardiologyDon’t perform cardiac imaging as a pre-operative assessment in patients scheduled to undergo low- or intermediate-risk non-cardiac surgery.
  • Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic ResonanceDon’t perform stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging as a pre-operative assessment in patients scheduled to undergo low-risk, non-cardiac surgery.
  • Society of General Internal MedicineDon’t perform routine pre-operative testing before low-risk surgical procedures.
  • The Society for Thoracic SurgeonsPatients who have no cardiac history and good functional status do not require preoperative stress testing prior to non-cardiac thoracic surgery.
  • Society for Vascular MedicineAvoid cardiovascular testing for patients undergoing low-risk surgery.

Specialty Society Rationale

Noninvasive cardiac stress tests such as stress echocardiography, radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging, and exercise/treadmill tests are used to assess a patient’s perioperative risk for major adverse cardiac events. Specialty society guidelines are nuanced in their recommendations for when preoperative cardiac evaluation should be performed, but in general state that testing may only be necessary for patients undergoing low-risk procedures if they have a serious cardiac condition or symptoms. Testing for patients receiving high- or intermediate-risk procedures may be necessary if they have certain risk factors, known cardiovascular disease, and limited cardiac functional capacity (Fleisher et al., 2014; Consumer Reports and American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, 2012).

Patients undergoing low-risk, non-cardiac surgery who do not have serious cardiac conditions receive no material clinical benefit from preoperative testing. Since the risk of major cardiac complications from non-cardiac procedures is so low, the results of the test are unlikely to affect clinical management (Fleisher et al., 2014). Preoperative stress imaging may also increase chances for false-positive test results and unnecessary follow-up testing that cause patient anxiety and may delay surgery. The cost of preoperative stress testing can also be significant.

By conservative estimates, such testing involves 82,000 to 190,000 Americans annually with the excess cost of this practice ranging between $81 million to $180 million.

In spite of general agreement across clinical specialty society guidelines on the appropriate use of preoperative evaluation, available data suggest that stress testing for low- and/or intermediate-risk non-cardiac surgery is an area of overuse, though estimates from the published literature vary significantly. One study using Medicare claims data from 1996 to 2008 found that among 74,785 beneficiaries with no diagnosis of a serious cardiac condition undergoing a low-to-intermediate-risk surgical, urologic, or orthopedic procedure, approximately 3,000 (4%) received a non-indicated preoperative stress test (Sheffield, et al., 2013). A retrospective study of 2009 Medicare claims data evaluating the prevalence of low-value services found that among a representative sample of approximately 1.4 million beneficiaries, between 4,000 and 9,500 (0.3% – 0.7%) of all individuals had pre-operative stress testing before low- or intermediate-risk non-cardiac surgeries (Schwartz, et al., 2014).  The lower range excludes stress testing performed as part of inpatient or emergency care.  When these results are applied to the entire Medicare population, an estimated 82,000 to 191,000 patients nationally were estimated to have received unnecessary preoperative stress testing.

Some studies have found higher estimates of overuse, including another retrospective analysis using Medicare claims data between 2006 and 2011 that found that among 300,000 eligible beneficiaries undergoing low-risk, non-cardiac surgery, approximately 50% received non-indicated preoperative stress testing (Colla, et al., 2014).

The costs of non-indicated preoperative stress testing can be significant. The Schwartz study estimated that annual Medicare spending on non-indicated preoperative stress testing ranged from $81 million to $180 million. These estimates do not include any costs associated with follow-up care prompted by preoperative testing, so the potential for cost-savings from reducing overuse may be higher.

Umpqua Health Experience

We reviewed data from 2017 including the number of echocardiography, exercise treadmill tests, stress echocardiograms and radionuclide myocardial imaging studies performed within the network. Member clinical profiles were then examined within the EMR to determine the clinical indications for the studies. There were 280 cardiac stress examinations performed in the 2017 plan year. Of those, upon EMR review, 21% of the studies we deemed inappropriate based upon the criteria outlined by the seven medical societies that have published data on the appropriate use of stress testing in the pre-operative setting.

Factors Related to Overuse

Patient FactorsPhysician FactorsPayer Factors
  • Patient inconvenience and dissatisfaction when tests are cancelled during already scheduled appointments
  • Financial incentives that reward the provision of costly procedures
  • Automatic referrals for preoperative testing without indication
  • Lack of knowledge of some referring physicians that preoperative tests for low-risk, non-cardiac procedures produce no clinical benefits
  • Concerns for liability from both ordering and referring physicians
  • Payment models that reward volume of services

Opportunities for Improvement

Opportunities for ImprovementCurrent Best Practices
  • Make greater use of global payment arrangements that reduce incentives to over-test patients
  • Provide further training to referring and ordering physicians on the risks of over testing, emphasizing that preoperative stress testing for low-risk non-cardiac procedures is unlikely to alter clinical management in any meaningful way
  • Utilize hospital leadership to lead quality improvement campaigns and develop strategies for implementing standards and holding physicians accountable to those standards
  • Explore options for tort reform that reduce physician’s liability for applying appropriate clinical criteria
  • Collaboration with health plans to incentivize the use of online decision tools that support the use of appropriateness criteria and provide feedback on patterns of overuse

For more information on this topic, view the Choosing Wisely® Recommendation Analysis, located here.

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